Black Gum Tree Leaf Identification
The nyssa genus is native to north america.
Black gum tree leaf identification. Expand the menu to access our tree identification pages. Makes a strong specimen tree. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange red purple and yellow. Fruit is bluish black and is loved by many birds.
The species epithet sylvatica refers to its. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. Originally from the united states the black gum tree s official genus name is nyssa sylvatica. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums.
Blackgum cornaceae nyssa sylvatica marshall symbol. Alternate simple pinnately veined oblong to obovate in shape with an entire margin 3 to 5 inches long occasionally shallow lobes or coarse teeth near tip. Black gum summer leaves are a dark green with a high gloss appearance but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow orange bright red purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Still others call it beetlebung stinkwood wild peartree or pepperidge.
Alternate simple pinnately veined obovate in shape with an entire margin 3 to 5 inches long. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. The names used for this tree are black gum sourgum yellow gum black tupelo cotton gum tupelo gum pepperidge swamp tupelo swamp black gum sour gum or tupelo. This species has two common names.
Black tupelo or nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in north america and grows from canada to texas. A tree of many monikers the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree sour gum bowl gum yellow gum or tupelo gum. Eucalypts and species belonging to the closely related genus corymbia bloodwoods are listed for identification purposes on the web page below. While tupelo is derived from the creek indian name for the tree ito opilwa which means swamp tree.
Nyssa is derived from the water nymph in greek mythology. Another common tree that is called a gum is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called liquidambar. The vast majority of different gum trees eucalyptus species including corymbia and blakella spp are endemic to australia. Identification of eucalyptus species on australia s east coast.
Nyssa sylvatica s genus name nyssa refers to a greek water nymph. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Grows 30 50 high. Virginia tech dendrology is the source for tree identification.
When combined with the several other tupelo species these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers.
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